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Discover History of Chongqing with Rarely-known Old Buildings

Jan 22,2019 ByCHENG KEQIAOICHONGQING

By Keqiao Cheng, EDITOR

Chongqing – Old architectures like residential buildings, granaries, and discarded factories you were passing by may know the history of this city.

Traditional local-styling architectures

The traditional landscape of Chongqing formed before modern times. The architecture styling is column-and-tie wooden construction, streets, and galleries along slopes, and stilted balconies. They all represent the conventional features of Chongqing of nestling among hills, depending on the terrains, and randomly shaping.

Baoshan Temple

Address: 130  Ciqikou Main Street, Shapingba District

The courtyard of Baoshan Temple

Architectural features: Built in the Qing Dynasty, it is of column-and-tie wooden construction with courtyard layout. The shape and structure are unique for utilizing the local conditions and leaning the mountains. It is a typical case for studying the Taoist temple in Chongqing.

Courtyard of Wang’s Family

Address: Guantian Subvillage, Jiulong Village, Shijia Township, Shizhu County

Courtyard of Wang’s Family

Architectural features: Initially built in the Qing Dynasty, the building is of wood and brick material in column-and-tie construction. In the layout of quadrangle dwellings with one entry, it has three layers of the external gallery and a splayed gate. Built by the notable family of Wang, it is a typical representative of manor architecture of the southeastern regions of Chongqing.

Shiquantang House at Fengsheng Town

Address: 56 Shizi Street, Fengsheng Town, Banan District

Shiquantang House at Fengsheng Town

Architectural features: built in the early 20th Century, the wood-structured building has an overhung gable-end roof and a watchtower. Liu Zhushan, an enlightened celebrity of Fengsheng Town, organized its construction. It was the site of the Trade Association of the town in the old days. 

Buildings with western influence

Formed in the period from the late 19th Century to the early 20th Century, these buildings were utilized as customhouses, foreign firms, military camps, and churches. They combined Western style and Chongqing’s mountain environment and architectural culture. The eclecticism architectural style of modern time serves as the embodiment of Chinese and Western element combination.

Rice Warehouse of Hes Family

Address: Middle Section of Nanbin Road, Nan’an District

Rice Warehouse of He’s Family

Architectural features: The warehouse, built in the 1890s, features a brick-wood structure and exquisite masonry and decoration techniques. It was a rice-stacking site for rice merchants at Rice Market Street. Now, it is the evidence to commercial storage buildings at the inception of Chongqing as a city and open port.

Entrance Portal of Huang’s House

Address: No.1 Subvillage, Huayuan Village, Hechuan District

Entrance Portal of Huang’s House

Architectural features: Built in the early 20th Century, the portal features brick structure. It also has a bay between two columns with splayed walls on both sides and decorated with distinctive brick and stone carvings. The central-facade portal top rises up with the sidewalls descending in a curved shape. And all columns are sticking above the front wall. It is a typical combination of the Chongqing local and the Western architectural cultures.

The site of Rice Warehouse

Address: Middle Section of Nanbin Road, Nan’an District

The site of Rice Warehouse

Architectural features: Built in the 1890s, it features brick-concrete composite structure and partial arched corridor. The construction also incorporates European style.

Source: Chongqing Daily

 

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