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Chongqing's Poverty Alleviation Efforts on Guaranteed Compulsory Education

May 15,2020 ByRUI HUICHONGQING

Chongqing- To solve the problems of “Two no worries and three guarantees” needs to ensure that children in impoverished mountainous areas go to school and have a happy childhood.

Chongqing implements the policy of “controlling dropouts, subsidizing schooling and enrolling in schools nearby,” and strengthening compulsory education is guaranteed. Chongqing specially issued the “Implementation Plan for Further Strengthening the Control of Dropouts in Compulsory Education” to ensure that every school-age child and adolescent receives complete, fair, and quality compulsory education following the law. The work account for school protection further paid their main responsibility of the district and county governments.

Chongqing is strengthening compulsory education policy

Outcomes

At present, Chongqing has achieved “zero fees” for compulsory education. In addition to the “two exemptions and one supplement,” students also provide free workbooks and junior high school students with teaching aids. In addition to implementing the subsidy standards for poor boarding students in elementary and junior high schools of 1,000 yuan and 1,250 yuan per student per year respectively, Chongqing has increased funding for poor students and subsidized living expenses for students from non-residential and impoverished families with 6 or 7 yuan per student per day. In 2018, the city allocated 1.09 billion yuan in compulsory education funding, benefiting 3.14 million students.

In 2019, the city issued 5.326 billion yuan in subsidies, benefiting 4,598,400 students, and helping students at all levels. Among them, compulsory education is arranged to be free of junior high school teaching materials and homework costs, subsidies for students with financial difficulties, and nutrition improvement plan funds of 1.883 billion yuan, benefiting 3.809 million people.

In 2019, 4,048 candidates from poverty-stricken counties and rural areas were enrolled, and 150 free undergraduate medical students from rural orders were recruited. The “three districts support education” plan and the “special teacher” plan supplement 1001 teachers, directional training of rural primary school 1510 general teachers, and 516 pre-primary public education teachers.

Through the implementation of the nutrition improvement plan, Chongqing has fully covered the nutrition improvement for compulsory education students in poor areas and counties, which benefiting 1.688 million students.

Efforts

Chongqing establishes a “1 + N” joint control and joint guarantee responsibility system, which is, each dropout student corresponds precisely to “N” specific responsible persons composed of relevant departments, responsible schools, townships, and village groups where they are regularly supervised and inspected, one by one. Reconcile the account number item by item to ensure that students who return to persuade students can persuade, retain, and learn well. Accurately implement financial aid for poor students, develop a tuition fee management system for Chongqing-based listed college students, a unified management system for university student funding, a tracking and management system for student funding for elementary and middle school students, establish a database for students from special hardship groups, and fund students from low-income families. They have implemented projects such as pre-school education promotion projects, boarding school construction projects, and comprehensively improving the conditions of weak compulsory education in rural schools. Check the story Remove Barriers to Going to School for All Students to see how compulsory education works in Wushan County.

Teacher Lu Lihong is combing the key knowledge of the subject for Chen Zhencai in Wushan County. Photo by Zheng Yu.

For key areas in Chongqing such as rural areas, remote areas, poverty, ethnic groups, etc., facing key junior high school segments, rural left-behind children, impoverished families and children in difficult situations, Chongqing has also established a dynamic monitoring mechanism, which will establish regular information comparisons with the public security department. The verification mechanism will promptly find children and school-age children who are not enrolled or out of school, and curb dropouts from the source. At the same time, build a city-wide dropout insurance information management system, establish a city, district (county), and school three-level joint control and joint guarantee mechanism, and implement dynamic monitoring to ensure that dropout insurance is accurately delivered to the school and implemented to people.

According to the requirements of “full coverage, zero rejection” requirements, Chongqing will arrange school-age children and adolescents with the ability to receive general education through special education schools, classes, etc. to arrange compulsory education for school-age children and adolescents one by one. Disabled children and adolescents implement “one person, one policy, education delivery to door” and are all included in the management of school membership. At present, there are more than 2,700 qualified primary and secondary schools in the city that accept students with disabilities to attend classes, establish school status, and send home to students with severe disabilities. At the same time, Chongqing adheres to the “two mains” and “zero thresholds” to ensure that the children of migrant workers go to school and realizes full coverage of the nearest entrance to the school without the test.

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