Chongqing now has 124 water source projects under construction, with a total investment of over 60 billion yuan (about USD 9.2 billion), of which 89 commenced during the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-2020), according to the Chongqing Water Resources Bureau on December 22.
According to the preliminary design report of the Western Chongqing water resources allocation project with a total investment of 14.35 billion yuan (about 2.19 billion U.S. dollars, after the completion, the project will benefit nearly 10 million people in Western Chongqing.
Since the 13th Five-Year Plan implementation, Chongqing has sped up to perfect its water infrastructure network, enhance the supervision of water-related affairs, and improve mechanisms and systems on water development. As a result, the city sees a better capacity to ensure water security.
Two of China’s 172 major water conservation projects, namely Guanjingkou Reservoir in Banan District and Jinfoshan Reservoir in Nanchuan District, will soon be used.
In 2020, Chongqing was stricken by catastrophic floods. Fortunately, it transferred approximately 310,000 people in advance based on accurate monitoring and early warning.
Through relying on the Ministry of Water Resources and Changjiang Water Resources Commission of Ministry of Water Resources, reservoirs in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River were used to share the pressure on flood control facing cities in the middle and lower reaches, which intercepted and stored at least 6 billion cubic meters of floodwater.
In this year’s flood season, Chongqing succeeded in surviving 12 rainstorms and floods exceeding the warning level in 67 rivers, with no deaths and no collapsed dams and reservoirs.
Chongqing also celebrates a better capability to save and intensively use water resources. Accounting for steadily increasing GDP, the city welcomes a drop in water consumption volume from 7.9 billion cubic meters in 2015 to 7.6 billion cubic meters. The one for every 10,000 yuan of GDP and every 10,000 yuan of industrial added value declined by 28.8% and 32.6%, respectively. The effective utilization coefficient for farmland irrigation water increased from 0.48 to 0.4991.
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