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Chongqing Negotiations: Drive Forward the Development of Democratic Forces

By VIVIAN YANICHONGQING|Apr 21,2021

Guiyuan Garden is a key witness to the Chongqing negotiations between the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC). From August 29 to October 10, 1945, the historic negotiations between the two parties on China’s future and destiny were held here.

On August 28, 1945, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Wang Ruofei, and others were at Yan’an Airport before they went to Chongqing for negotiations. (iChongqing file photo)

Mao Zedong and Chiang Kai-shek directly talked about major issues related to the relations between the two parties. On the afternoon of October 10, 1945, the KMT and the CPC signed the famous Double Tenth Agreement at Guiyuan Garden in Chongqing.

A picture of renovated Guiyuan Garden in Chongqing

On September 3, the representatives of the CPC sent 11 key points on the main issues discussed by the two parties to the representatives of the KMT.

A picture of the meeting room of Guiyuan at Zhongshan 4th Road of Yuzhong District. (iChongqing file photo)

On September 8, the representatives of the KMT replied to the 11 key points of the CPC according to the Gist for Negotiations with the CPC prepared by Chiang Kai-shek.

During the stay in Chongqing, Mao Zedong managed to exchange views with all parties to promote the smooth progress of the negotiations.

He met with representatives from all walks of life in Guiyuan Garden several times and visited the representatives from political, military, economic, women’s, and cultural circles with various affiliations to exchange views on national affairs with them.

He also met with some members of the central committees of the China Democratic League, the Chinese Youth Party, the Jiu San Society, and other organizations and dozens of councilors with the People’s Political Council in Chongqing at the invitation.

Mao Zedong’s activities and the repeated concessions made by the representatives of the CPC during the negotiations won support from all democratic parties and democratic personages from all walks of life towards the CPC’s position. Such support was an important factor in bringing the negotiations to fruition.

On October 2, when the negotiations were coming to an end, Zhou Enlai put forward a proposal: “We plan to sort out the records of the negotiations in the past month and publish as many of them as possible to console passionate nationals.” The representatives of the KMT supported this move.

For the significance of Chongqing negotiations, Mao Zedong once said, the result of the negotiations is that the KMT agrees to recognize the guideline of peace and solidarity, which is very helpful.

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