Yubei District

Yubei District lies in the north of the main urban area of Chongqing. It’s where Chongqing Liangjiang New Area is located, which introduces China (Chongqing) Pilot Free Trade Zone, China-Singapore (Chongqing) Demonstration Initiatives on Strategic Connectivity, the bonded port area, Chongqing–Xinjiang–Europe international railway, etc. It is the base for the largest automobile manufacturing in Chongqing, the key intelligent terminal production as well as import and export. It is a district that has the biggest economic volume in Chongqing, the most developed platform and the strongest location advantage.
Area: 1452km²
Population: 1,600,000

Youyang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County

Youyang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County is located in the meeting point of Chongqing, Hubei Province, Hunan Province and Guizhou Province. There are 17 ethnic minority groups in the county. It is rich in tourism resources such as Wujiang Hundred-miles Gallery, the National 5A class tourism spot Youyang Taohuayuan Scenic Area, and Chongqing Jinyin Mountain National Forest Park. The County is the hometown of Tujia hand dance in China.
Area: 5173km²
Population: 860,400

Fengjie County

Fengjie County is located in the east of Chongqing. Fengjie produces a variety of local specialties such as citrus, and thus is called “The Orange Capital of China”. Located in the Three Gorges Tourism “Golden Triangle” with beautiful natural and cultural landscape, it is a famous tourist destination both at home and abroad. Qutang Gorge is 8 km long and runs from Baidi Town of Fengjie county to Daxi Town of Wushan County. Near the county is Kuimen, which is the shortest, the narrowest and the most magnificent part in the three Gorges of the Yangtze River.
Area: 4087km²
Population: 1,066,300

Wuxi County

Wuxi County is located in the northeast of Chongqing. It stands at the meeting point of Chongqing, Shanxi Province and Hubei Province and is influenced by Qin, Ba and Chu cultures of ancient times. Sitting at the southern slopes of the central Daba Mountains, it exemplifies mountain region agriculture. Hongchiba National Forest Park is within the county, which is the largest mountain meadow in southern China.
Area: 4030km²
Population: 520,000

Pengshui Miao and Tujia Autonomous County

Pengshui Miao and Tujia Autonomous County is located in the southeast of Chongqing, on the lower reaches of the Wujiang River. The county has 11 ethnic minority groups including Miao and Tujia. It is the only county with Miao majority in Chongqing and is the hometown of Chinese folk culture and silver ornaments made by ethnic minority groups. The county is rich in minerals and fishery resources.
Area: 3903km²
Population: 703,000

Yunyang County

Yunyang County is located in the northeast of Chongqing, alongside the Yangtze River - it’s an important pivot point in the Yangtze River Economic Belt. The national 5A class tourist attraction Yunyang Dragon Jar National Geopark and the Zhangfei Temple are in the county. It is rich in agricultural products such as Chinese wood oil, sericulture, tea, citrus, and an abundant Chinese Herbs.
Area: 3649km²
Population: 1,370,000

Wanzhou District

Wanzhou District is a district on the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River, bordering Sichuan Province to the northwest and Hubei Province to the southeast. It has a strong economy and is the biggest district in Chongqing. It has one of the top 10 ports on the Yangtze River. A variety of cultures including Ba and Chu Culture, commercial port culture and poetry culture co-exist here.
Area: 3,457 km²
Population: 1,760,000

Wushan County

Wushan County is located in the east of Chongqing, known as the “Gateway to Northeast Chongqing”. The Daxi Cultural Relics with 5000 years history in the county dates back to Neolithic times. It has abundant tourist resources with the Three Gorges traversing the county, and boasts rich industrial mineral deposits and high-quality agricultural sideline products.
Area: 2,958 km²
Population: 630,000

Fuling District

Fuling District is a district in the geographical center of Chongqing, being at the confluence of the Yangtze and Wu Rivers. It belongs to the Yangtze River Economic Zone. Fuling’s zhacai, a spicy pickled mustard tuber, is its signature dish. Fuling was once the capital city of the State of Ba in the Spring and Autumn Period (approximately 771–476 BC).
Area: 2,942.34 km²
Population: 1,140,000

Fengdu County

Fengdu County is located in the geographic center of Chongqing. The Fengdu Ghost Town is a tourist attraction built in the concept of Chinese mythology and Buddhism, which was built over 1800 years ago. The Snow Jade Cave here is a wondrous labyrinth of stalactites and underground streams which attracts a large number of tourists all year round.
Area: 2900.86km²
Population: 842,900

Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County

Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County is located in the east of Chongqing, on the south bank of the Yangtze River. The county, known as “Home to Huanglian”, exports the precious Chinese herb Huanglian to Southeast Asia. It has famous scenic spots such as the millennial ancient temple “Ginkgo Hall” and the summer resort Huangshui National Forest Park.
Area: 3012.51km²
Population: 546,588

Xiushan Tujia and Miao Autonomous County

Xiushan Tujia and Miao Autonomous County is the southeast gateway of Chongqing and is an important tourist and material distribution center in Wuling Mountain area. It bridges the east and south of Chongqing and is the pivot point of the New Silk Road; an important section connecting Zhu River Delta, Yangtze River Delta and Chongqing-Chengdu Economic Circle. Xiushan Lantern Performance is in a form of folk songs and dances which is very popular in the county.
Area: 2462km²
Population: 660,000

Qianjiang District

Qianjiang District is located at the border of Chongqing, Hubei Province, Hunan Province and Guizhou Province. It’s nicknamed “the throat of Chongqing and Hubei Province”. The 74.5% of the population are Miao and Tujia people (ethnic minority groups). It has a very advanced transportation infrastructure including railway, highway, water and air transportation. It boasts rich natural resources such as ore and a variety of unique agricultural products. All of these make it a wonderful place to visit.
Area: 2,402 km²
Population: 554,000

Zhong County

Zhong County is located in the middle of Chongqing. It is one of the main areas where the Ba culture 0f 3000 years originated. Relying on the Three Gorges International Golden Tourism Belt, it has become an international tourist resort. It is called "Chinese Citrus city" because of the rich production of citrus.
Area: 2187 km²
Population: 1,000,000

Liangping District

Liangping District is located in the northeast of Chongqing - it has accelerated the construction of characteristic industrial clusters of ecological plastics, integrated circuits, intelligent manufacturing and green food processing. Its food brands such as Liangping Pomelo and Zhang Duck are very popular.
Area: 1892 km²
Population: 930,000

Dianjiang County

Dianjiang County is located in the northeast of Chongqing. It is titled to "Millennium Ancient County", which is recognized by the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN). It is the hometown of calligraphy, painting and bronze tube music. There are the world’s largest ancient castle Heyouping, Eastern Han Dynasty (206 BC–220 AD) rock tombs, rock carvings and other cultural relics. It is a county with modern agriculture, high-quality fruit and grains on the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River.
Area: 1518km²
Population: 950,000

Tongnan District

Tongnan District is located in the northwest of Chongqing. It is an important pivot point of the Chengdu-Chongqing economic belt and is the hometown of Chinese folk culture and art (Tai’an fish, lion dance). It boasts rich tourist resources such as the Shuangjiang Ancient Town, the longest man-made canal in the southwest, and the well-preserved ancient houses of Qing Dynasty (1644–1912).
Area: 1583km²
Population: 1030,000

Yongchuan District

Yongchuan District is located in the west of Chongqing. Both the Chengdu-Chongqing freeway and railway have stops in the district, making it easy to go to other cities. It’s the center of transportation, commerce, culture, finance and energy for the west of Chongqing and the southeast of Sichuan. There are many pleasant tourist attractions such as the Tea Mountain and Bamboo Forest, the largest theme park “Le He Le Du” in the central and western part of Chongqing and Chongqing Safari Park.
Area: 1576km²
Population: 1,120,000

Dazu District

Dazu District is located in the west of Chongqing. It is in the heart of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone, which is an important pivot point for the development of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone. It is where the famous Dazu Rock Carvings, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located.
Area: 1436km²
Population: 1,060,000

Changshou District

Changshou District is located in the central part of Chongqing; The beautiful Changshou Lake lies in the district. The breathtaking views all around make it a pleasant tourist resort. It is the land transportation hub and an important port on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, where the 10.000-ton fleet can reach the district by water all year round. It is the key development area for industries, the modern agricultural base and the regional logistics center.
Area: 1424km²
Population: 900,000

Wulong District

Wulong District, known as “the door of Chongqing and Guizhou Province”, is located on the lower reaches of the Wujiang River in the southeast of Chongqing. It enjoys the tiles of “World Natural Heritage”, “National 5A Class Tourism Scenic spot” and “National Tourist Resort”. Wulong Karst Tourist Area attracts a huge number of tourists all year round
Area: 2901.3km²
Population: 410,000

Rongchang District

Rongchang District is in the west of Chongqing. It is in the strategic hinterland of Chengdu -Chongqing Economic Zone. It is known for charming folk handicrafts such as Rongchang grass cloth, Rongchang pottery and Rongchang fold fan. Rongchang Pig is an internationally recognized precious pig species resource.
Area: 1077km²
Population: 850,000

Kaizhou District

Kaizhou District is located in the northeast of Chongqing. It is home to Liu Bocheng who is one of the 10 Grand Marshals of China and also the birthplace of many poets in Tang Dynasty (618–907). There are rich natural resources such as coal mine gas and natural gas.
Area: 3959 km²
Population: 1,684,300

Chengkou County

Chengkou County,on the northeast edge of Chongqing, is located at the meeting point of Sichuan Province, Shanxi Province and Chongqing. Influenced by Bashu, Sanqin and Chu-Tian cultures of ancient times, it is the cradle for folk songs and stories, flower-drums, lion dance, stick dance, boat dance, etc.
Area: 3289.06km²
Population: 250,000

Nanchuan District

Nanchuan District is located in the south of Chongqing. It is becoming a regional comprehensive transportation hub in the south of Chongqing and the north of Guizhou Province. It is one hour’s drive away from the CBD, Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport, the deep water port of the Yangtze River, the bonded port and the railway hub port in Chongqing. It has lush environment. Jinfo Mountain within the district is a World Heritage Site, which attracts a large number of tourists.
Area: 2602 km²
Population: 700,000

Wansheng District

Wansheng District is located in the south of Chongqing. There are 21 ethnic minority groups in the district including Miao and Tujia. The national 4A class tourist spots, Wansheng Stone Forest and Black Valley, are located here, which attract a large number of tourists all year round. It is also a land that boasts rich minerals resources.
Area: 565 km2
Population: 270,000

Qijiang District

Qijiang District is located in the south of Chongqing. It is the home to Chinese farmers’ printmaking. It is a district with rich tourism resources including Black Mountain Valley and Longlin Stone Forest. It boasts abundant natural resources such as minerals and natural gas.
Area:. 2747.8km²
Population: 1,220,000

Ba`nan District

Ba`nan District is located in the south of the main urban area of Chongqing - it is where the ancient State of Ba and its 3000-year culture originated. Surrounded by mountains and rivers, it has high forest coverage and rich hot spring resources. With the national strategic platform, the industrial parks and the modern specialty agriculture, it has gained strong momentum in development.
Area: 1825km²
Population: 1,051,200

Jiangjin District

Jiangjin District is located in the southwest of Chongqing alongside the Yangtze River. The traffic here is well developed. It’s an important shipping hub and material distribution center on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and a modern agricultural demonstration area district with strong traditional industries. The national 5A class tourist spot, Simian Mountain, is located within the district.
Area: 3218km²
Population: 1,500,000

Yubei District

Yubei District lies in the north of the main urban area of Chongqing. It’s where Chongqing Liangjiang New Area is located, which introduces China (Chongqing) Pilot Free Trade Zone, China-Singapore (Chongqing) Demonstration Initiatives on Strategic Connectivity, the bonded port area, Chongqing–Xinjiang–Europe international railway, etc. It is the base for the largest automobile manufacturing in Chongqing, the key intelligent terminal production as well as import and export. It is a district that has the biggest economic volume in Chongqing, the most developed platform and the strongest location advantage.
Area: 1452km²
Population: 1,600,000

Hechuan District

Hechuan District is located in the northwest of Chongqing at the meeting point of the Jialing, Qu and Fu Rivers. It is known by the world because of the famous Fishing City (Diaoyu Fortress) War which changed the battlefield strategy for the rest of Eurasia during the Mongol invasions. It’s the first stop of Chongqing–Xinjiang–Europe International Railway entering into Chongqing, the important pivot point of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.
Area: 2343km²
Population: 1,560,000

Bishan District

Bishan District is located in the western suburbs next to Chongqing main urban area. It is close to Chongqing University City and Xiyong Micro-Electronics Industry Park. It is the district undergoing Chongqing’s industrialization and urbanization. It has a variety of tourist attractions such as Qinglonghu National Forest Park and Xiuhu Park with ancient style Chinese architecture.
Area: 915km²
Population: 635,000

Tongliang District

Tongliang District is located in the northwest of Chongqing. It is the central area of the core economic belt on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. It has convenient transportation: 30km away from Xiyong Comprehensive Free Trade Zone, 60km away from the Cuntan container terminal of the Yangtze River and 65 km from Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport. It is nicknamed “Dragon Lantern Hometown” and the Dragon Dance enjoys popularity both at home and abroad.
Area: 1340km²
Population: 840,000

Beibei District

Beibei District, one of the main urban districts, is located in the northwest of Chongqing. At the foot of the Jinyun Mountain, alongside the Jialing River, it enjoys high forest coverage and rich hot spring resources. Strong cultural, scientific and educational foundation here makes it a key area for high-tech and emerging industries.
Area: 755 km²
Population: 770,000

Jiangbei District

Jiangbei District, one of the main urban districts, is located on the north bank of the Yangtze and Jialing Rivers, with a riverside line of 103km. It is the information, financial, cultural and artistic center of Chongqing. Most foreign consulates are located here. It is an integrated transportation hub, a mature commercial and trade center, and a modern manufacturing base of intensive development in Chongqing.
Area: 221km²
Population: 870,000

Yuzhong District

Yuzhong District,one of the main urban districts, is on the upper reaches of Yangtze River. It is the oldest and most relevant part of this city, where the old Bayu Culture lives on today. Surrounded on three sides by water, Yuzhong is effectively a peninsula. Due to its hilly nature, and the fact that it is the main central business district for Chongqing, Yuzhong contains some of the tallest skyscrapers in China and is the most densely populated district in Chongqing.
Area: 23.24 km²
Population: 659,000

Nan`an District

Nan`an District, one of the main urban districts, is located on the south bank of the Yangtze River. Leaning on the Nanshan Mountain, with an overview of the Yangtze River, it gets breathtaking sceneries. Nanbin Road alongside the Yangtze River offers a variety of leisure activities such as sightseeing, catering and shopping. Chongqing Technological Economic Development Area (south bank), CBD Development Area (south bank) and Chongqing International Convention and Exhibition Center are located in the district.
Area: 265km²
Population: 700,000

Shapingba District

Shapingba District is located in the west of the main urban area of Chongqing. The popular tourist attraction, Ciqikou Ancient Town, is located here. Influenced by Bayu Culture of ancient times, and Shaci and Hongyan Alliance Cultures during World War II, it is the educational, scientific and cultural center of Chongqing, with University Town lying in the west of the district.
Area: 396.2km²
Population: 1,000,000

Jiulongpo District

Jiulongpo District is located in the southwest of the main urban area of Chongqing. It is an important part of the Yuzhong Peninsula surrounded by the Yangtze and Jialing Rivers. Its economy is well developed with vigorous development in commerce and trade, industries as well as logistics.
Area: 432km²
Population: 1,200,000

Dadukou District

Dadukou District, one of the main urban districts, is in the southwest of Chongqing, It lies between the Zhongliang and Tongluo Mountains and is surrounded by the Yangtze and Jialing Rivers. It’s an emerging district where new industries are developing quite fast as well as a pleasant district with a high-quality life.
Area: 103km²
Population: 340,000

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Home / Art & Culture / Love Chongqing 1: Culture, Nature-endowed City Down the Ages

Love Chongqing 1: Culture, Nature-endowed City Down the Ages

By Xinyi Li, EDITOR

The result of the first Movable Cultural Relics Census of Chongqing in 2017 indicates that there were 165 state-owned collection units of this city, preserving 1,482,489 pieces (470,234 pieces/set) of registered cultural relics. The number of the newly-discovered and newly-identified was 155,576, and there were 915,479 photos of cultural relics, with the total data capacity of 2,584G.

In the latest National Cultural Relics Census, Chongqing recorded 25,908 sites of immovable cultural relics, which is 200.9% of the amount identified in the 2nd nationwide census. Specifically, there were 17,244 sites of newly-discovered and 8,664 sites of reviewed ones. The number of newly-recorded ones represents 66.6% of the total.

Culture-linjiang-gate

Chongqing is the city of culture, with a profound history, only followed Beijing among the four municipalities in China, the image is the site of Linjiang Gate

Chongqing has 55 national chief cultural relics protection units, only followed Beijing among the four municipalities.

In 1362, Ming Yuzhen built the capital of the rebel Empire of Xia (or Great Xia) in Chongqing, becoming the only one emperor in Chongqing’s history. When his imperial mausoleum was discovered at Jiangbeizui, people may ask where the palace is. Fortunately, experts, after years of archaeological researches, found that it was right located in the historic site of the old drum tower, Wanglongmen, Yuzhong District.

The buildings of the Bazi State stretch along the Yangtze River to the horizon where the water and sky meets; the city walls were built with the natural conditions and boasted outstanding craftsmanship. Chongqing enjoys nature-endowed beauty due to the harmonious co-existence of landscapes and residences, brought by its environment-friendly way of construction.

The 200,000-square-meter administrative building

Since 2009, with the implementation of the 3rd National Cultural Relics Census and the promotion of the old city reconstruction of the lower regions in Yuzhong District, people found the wall ruins with the Renhe Gate, Taiping Gate, and Chaotian Gate in succession. The remarkable discoveries include the Military Commission Department and Chongqing Administrative Office Building  — the command center of the west stand of the Southern Song against the invading Mongol Yuan Dynasty, the imperial palace of Ming Yuzhen at the drum tower site, and the largest watchtower in China’s archaeology history. All of them demonstrate that during the five centuries from the Southern Song Dynasty to the Qianlong’s reign in the Qing Dynasty, the mother city of Chongqing once existed in the form of a large scale administrative complex, covering over 200,000 square meters. It was also the political center of the greater Chongqing area at that time.

Culture-wall

The wall ruins include those of the periods of the Southern Song, Ming, and Qing Dynasties, the gate (the barbican included) and fort barbette, which is in rich types and distinctive characteristics

If the drum tower site is a witness of the over 500 years of history of Chongqing, Taiping Gate, together with other 16 gates along the ancient wall, should bear the imprints of life of this city. The old city of Chongqing was built on the base of the ancient Bazi State. After the four rounds of large-scale construction in the periods of the Warring States period, Shu Han, Southern Song Dynasty, and the early Ming Dynasty, the 17 gates opened or closed in alternate arrangement had gradually taken shape.

The wall ruins include those of the periods of the Southern Song, Ming, and Qing Dynasties, the gate (the barbican included ) and fort barbette, which is in costly types and distinctive characteristics. They are collectively called the “living fossil” of Chongqing’s history, for the physical reference they provide for studying the urban spatial arrangement changes and the development of China’s ancient cities.

Nearly 1,500,000 movable cultural relics

The above-introduced ancient administrative building and walls are just a small part of the delicate buildings left by the ancestors. And on the extensive land of Chongqing, many other witnesses are telling stories of its history.

In the latest National Cultural Relics Census, Chongqing recorded 25,908 sites of immovable cultural relics, with 17,244 newly-discovered ones and 8,664 reviewed sites. The number of newly-discovered sites accounts for 66.6% of the total registered amount.

Afterward, the National Cultural Heritage Administration held the selection of the Top 100 New Discoveries in the 3rd National Cultural Relics Census. The site of the administrative office building in the old drum tower, Yuzhong District, the former site of the Military Affairs Commission of the Nationalist Government, the 816 Nuclear Military Plant in Fuling, and the Hongxing Overflow Bridge in Nantuo Town won the honor.

In the 7th batch of the national key cultural relics protection units issued by the State Council in March 2013, Chongqing has 35 new ones, including People’s Liberation Monument and Chongqing People’s Auditorium. The growth rate of 180% ranks the second nationwide. Until now, Chongqing has 55 national key cultural relics protection units, ranking only second to Beijing among the four municipalities. Moreover, the cultural preservation achievements of Chongqing have risen to a new high with over 11 districts and counties, including Wanzhou, Jiangjin, Wuxi, and Shizhu, proudly announced their first ones.

The profoundness of Chongqing’s history lies in the ancient rammed walls, and the movable cultural relics in museums and collection units reproduce the history in another colorful and vivid way.

Related link:

Ecological Tourism Culture Festival in Chongqing to Open Next Month

Source: Chongqing Morning News

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2019-06-21
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