Yubei District

Yubei District lies in the north of the main urban area of Chongqing. It’s where Chongqing Liangjiang New Area is located, which introduces China (Chongqing) Pilot Free Trade Zone, China-Singapore (Chongqing) Demonstration Initiatives on Strategic Connectivity, the bonded port area, Chongqing–Xinjiang–Europe international railway, etc. It is the base for the largest automobile manufacturing in Chongqing, the key intelligent terminal production as well as import and export. It is a district that has the biggest economic volume in Chongqing, the most developed platform and the strongest location advantage.
Area: 1452km²
Population: 1,600,000

Youyang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County

Youyang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County is located in the meeting point of Chongqing, Hubei Province, Hunan Province and Guizhou Province. There are 17 ethnic minority groups in the county. It is rich in tourism resources such as Wujiang Hundred-miles Gallery, the National 5A class tourism spot Youyang Taohuayuan Scenic Area, and Chongqing Jinyin Mountain National Forest Park. The County is the hometown of Tujia hand dance in China.
Area: 5173km²
Population: 860,400

Fengjie County

Fengjie County is located in the east of Chongqing. Fengjie produces a variety of local specialties such as citrus, and thus is called “The Orange Capital of China”. Located in the Three Gorges Tourism “Golden Triangle” with beautiful natural and cultural landscape, it is a famous tourist destination both at home and abroad. Qutang Gorge is 8 km long and runs from Baidi Town of Fengjie county to Daxi Town of Wushan County. Near the county is Kuimen, which is the shortest, the narrowest and the most magnificent part in the three Gorges of the Yangtze River.
Area: 4087km²
Population: 1,066,300

Wuxi County

Wuxi County is located in the northeast of Chongqing. It stands at the meeting point of Chongqing, Shanxi Province and Hubei Province and is influenced by Qin, Ba and Chu cultures of ancient times. Sitting at the southern slopes of the central Daba Mountains, it exemplifies mountain region agriculture. Hongchiba National Forest Park is within the county, which is the largest mountain meadow in southern China.
Area: 4030km²
Population: 520,000

Pengshui Miao and Tujia Autonomous County

Pengshui Miao and Tujia Autonomous County is located in the southeast of Chongqing, on the lower reaches of the Wujiang River. The county has 11 ethnic minority groups including Miao and Tujia. It is the only county with Miao majority in Chongqing and is the hometown of Chinese folk culture and silver ornaments made by ethnic minority groups. The county is rich in minerals and fishery resources.
Area: 3903km²
Population: 703,000

Yunyang County

Yunyang County is located in the northeast of Chongqing, alongside the Yangtze River - it’s an important pivot point in the Yangtze River Economic Belt. The national 5A class tourist attraction Yunyang Dragon Jar National Geopark and the Zhangfei Temple are in the county. It is rich in agricultural products such as Chinese wood oil, sericulture, tea, citrus, and an abundant Chinese Herbs.
Area: 3649km²
Population: 1,370,000

Wanzhou District

Wanzhou District is a district on the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River, bordering Sichuan Province to the northwest and Hubei Province to the southeast. It has a strong economy and is the biggest district in Chongqing. It has one of the top 10 ports on the Yangtze River. A variety of cultures including Ba and Chu Culture, commercial port culture and poetry culture co-exist here.
Area: 3,457 km²
Population: 1,760,000

Wushan County

Wushan County is located in the east of Chongqing, known as the “Gateway to Northeast Chongqing”. The Daxi Cultural Relics with 5000 years history in the county dates back to Neolithic times. It has abundant tourist resources with the Three Gorges traversing the county, and boasts rich industrial mineral deposits and high-quality agricultural sideline products.
Area: 2,958 km²
Population: 630,000

Fuling District

Fuling District is a district in the geographical center of Chongqing, being at the confluence of the Yangtze and Wu Rivers. It belongs to the Yangtze River Economic Zone. Fuling’s zhacai, a spicy pickled mustard tuber, is its signature dish. Fuling was once the capital city of the State of Ba in the Spring and Autumn Period (approximately 771–476 BC).
Area: 2,942.34 km²
Population: 1,140,000

Fengdu County

Fengdu County is located in the geographic center of Chongqing. The Fengdu Ghost Town is a tourist attraction built in the concept of Chinese mythology and Buddhism, which was built over 1800 years ago. The Snow Jade Cave here is a wondrous labyrinth of stalactites and underground streams which attracts a large number of tourists all year round.
Area: 2900.86km²
Population: 842,900

Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County

Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County is located in the east of Chongqing, on the south bank of the Yangtze River. The county, known as “Home to Huanglian”, exports the precious Chinese herb Huanglian to Southeast Asia. It has famous scenic spots such as the millennial ancient temple “Ginkgo Hall” and the summer resort Huangshui National Forest Park.
Area: 3012.51km²
Population: 546,588

Xiushan Tujia and Miao Autonomous County

Xiushan Tujia and Miao Autonomous County is the southeast gateway of Chongqing and is an important tourist and material distribution center in Wuling Mountain area. It bridges the east and south of Chongqing and is the pivot point of the New Silk Road; an important section connecting Zhu River Delta, Yangtze River Delta and Chongqing-Chengdu Economic Circle. Xiushan Lantern Performance is in a form of folk songs and dances which is very popular in the county.
Area: 2462km²
Population: 660,000

Qianjiang District

Qianjiang District is located at the border of Chongqing, Hubei Province, Hunan Province and Guizhou Province. It’s nicknamed “the throat of Chongqing and Hubei Province”. The 74.5% of the population are Miao and Tujia people (ethnic minority groups). It has a very advanced transportation infrastructure including railway, highway, water and air transportation. It boasts rich natural resources such as ore and a variety of unique agricultural products. All of these make it a wonderful place to visit.
Area: 2,402 km²
Population: 554,000

Zhong County

Zhong County is located in the middle of Chongqing. It is one of the main areas where the Ba culture 0f 3000 years originated. Relying on the Three Gorges International Golden Tourism Belt, it has become an international tourist resort. It is called "Chinese Citrus city" because of the rich production of citrus.
Area: 2187 km²
Population: 1,000,000

Liangping District

Liangping District is located in the northeast of Chongqing - it has accelerated the construction of characteristic industrial clusters of ecological plastics, integrated circuits, intelligent manufacturing and green food processing. Its food brands such as Liangping Pomelo and Zhang Duck are very popular.
Area: 1892 km²
Population: 930,000

Dianjiang County

Dianjiang County is located in the northeast of Chongqing. It is titled to "Millennium Ancient County", which is recognized by the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN). It is the hometown of calligraphy, painting and bronze tube music. There are the world’s largest ancient castle Heyouping, Eastern Han Dynasty (206 BC–220 AD) rock tombs, rock carvings and other cultural relics. It is a county with modern agriculture, high-quality fruit and grains on the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River.
Area: 1518km²
Population: 950,000

Tongnan District

Tongnan District is located in the northwest of Chongqing. It is an important pivot point of the Chengdu-Chongqing economic belt and is the hometown of Chinese folk culture and art (Tai’an fish, lion dance). It boasts rich tourist resources such as the Shuangjiang Ancient Town, the longest man-made canal in the southwest, and the well-preserved ancient houses of Qing Dynasty (1644–1912).
Area: 1583km²
Population: 1030,000

Yongchuan District

Yongchuan District is located in the west of Chongqing. Both the Chengdu-Chongqing freeway and railway have stops in the district, making it easy to go to other cities. It’s the center of transportation, commerce, culture, finance and energy for the west of Chongqing and the southeast of Sichuan. There are many pleasant tourist attractions such as the Tea Mountain and Bamboo Forest, the largest theme park “Le He Le Du” in the central and western part of Chongqing and Chongqing Safari Park.
Area: 1576km²
Population: 1,120,000

Dazu District

Dazu District is located in the west of Chongqing. It is in the heart of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone, which is an important pivot point for the development of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone. It is where the famous Dazu Rock Carvings, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located.
Area: 1436km²
Population: 1,060,000

Changshou District

Changshou District is located in the central part of Chongqing; The beautiful Changshou Lake lies in the district. The breathtaking views all around make it a pleasant tourist resort. It is the land transportation hub and an important port on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, where the 10.000-ton fleet can reach the district by water all year round. It is the key development area for industries, the modern agricultural base and the regional logistics center.
Area: 1424km²
Population: 900,000

Wulong District

Wulong District, known as “the door of Chongqing and Guizhou Province”, is located on the lower reaches of the Wujiang River in the southeast of Chongqing. It enjoys the tiles of “World Natural Heritage”, “National 5A Class Tourism Scenic spot” and “National Tourist Resort”. Wulong Karst Tourist Area attracts a huge number of tourists all year round
Area: 2901.3km²
Population: 410,000

Rongchang District

Rongchang District is in the west of Chongqing. It is in the strategic hinterland of Chengdu -Chongqing Economic Zone. It is known for charming folk handicrafts such as Rongchang grass cloth, Rongchang pottery and Rongchang fold fan. Rongchang Pig is an internationally recognized precious pig species resource.
Area: 1077km²
Population: 850,000

Kaizhou District

Kaizhou District is located in the northeast of Chongqing. It is home to Liu Bocheng who is one of the 10 Grand Marshals of China and also the birthplace of many poets in Tang Dynasty (618–907). There are rich natural resources such as coal mine gas and natural gas.
Area: 3959 km²
Population: 1,684,300

Chengkou County

Chengkou County,on the northeast edge of Chongqing, is located at the meeting point of Sichuan Province, Shanxi Province and Chongqing. Influenced by Bashu, Sanqin and Chu-Tian cultures of ancient times, it is the cradle for folk songs and stories, flower-drums, lion dance, stick dance, boat dance, etc.
Area: 3289.06km²
Population: 250,000

Nanchuan District

Nanchuan District is located in the south of Chongqing. It is becoming a regional comprehensive transportation hub in the south of Chongqing and the north of Guizhou Province. It is one hour’s drive away from the CBD, Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport, the deep water port of the Yangtze River, the bonded port and the railway hub port in Chongqing. It has lush environment. Jinfo Mountain within the district is a World Heritage Site, which attracts a large number of tourists.
Area: 2602 km²
Population: 700,000

Wansheng District

Wansheng District is located in the south of Chongqing. There are 21 ethnic minority groups in the district including Miao and Tujia. The national 4A class tourist spots, Wansheng Stone Forest and Black Valley, are located here, which attract a large number of tourists all year round. It is also a land that boasts rich minerals resources.
Area: 565 km2
Population: 270,000

Qijiang District

Qijiang District is located in the south of Chongqing. It is the home to Chinese farmers’ printmaking. It is a district with rich tourism resources including Black Mountain Valley and Longlin Stone Forest. It boasts abundant natural resources such as minerals and natural gas.
Area:. 2747.8km²
Population: 1,220,000

Ba`nan District

Ba`nan District is located in the south of the main urban area of Chongqing - it is where the ancient State of Ba and its 3000-year culture originated. Surrounded by mountains and rivers, it has high forest coverage and rich hot spring resources. With the national strategic platform, the industrial parks and the modern specialty agriculture, it has gained strong momentum in development.
Area: 1825km²
Population: 1,051,200

Jiangjin District

Jiangjin District is located in the southwest of Chongqing alongside the Yangtze River. The traffic here is well developed. It’s an important shipping hub and material distribution center on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and a modern agricultural demonstration area district with strong traditional industries. The national 5A class tourist spot, Simian Mountain, is located within the district.
Area: 3218km²
Population: 1,500,000

Yubei District

Yubei District lies in the north of the main urban area of Chongqing. It’s where Chongqing Liangjiang New Area is located, which introduces China (Chongqing) Pilot Free Trade Zone, China-Singapore (Chongqing) Demonstration Initiatives on Strategic Connectivity, the bonded port area, Chongqing–Xinjiang–Europe international railway, etc. It is the base for the largest automobile manufacturing in Chongqing, the key intelligent terminal production as well as import and export. It is a district that has the biggest economic volume in Chongqing, the most developed platform and the strongest location advantage.
Area: 1452km²
Population: 1,600,000

Hechuan District

Hechuan District is located in the northwest of Chongqing at the meeting point of the Jialing, Qu and Fu Rivers. It is known by the world because of the famous Fishing City (Diaoyu Fortress) War which changed the battlefield strategy for the rest of Eurasia during the Mongol invasions. It’s the first stop of Chongqing–Xinjiang–Europe International Railway entering into Chongqing, the important pivot point of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.
Area: 2343km²
Population: 1,560,000

Bishan District

Bishan District is located in the western suburbs next to Chongqing main urban area. It is close to Chongqing University City and Xiyong Micro-Electronics Industry Park. It is the district undergoing Chongqing’s industrialization and urbanization. It has a variety of tourist attractions such as Qinglonghu National Forest Park and Xiuhu Park with ancient style Chinese architecture.
Area: 915km²
Population: 635,000

Tongliang District

Tongliang District is located in the northwest of Chongqing. It is the central area of the core economic belt on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. It has convenient transportation: 30km away from Xiyong Comprehensive Free Trade Zone, 60km away from the Cuntan container terminal of the Yangtze River and 65 km from Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport. It is nicknamed “Dragon Lantern Hometown” and the Dragon Dance enjoys popularity both at home and abroad.
Area: 1340km²
Population: 840,000

Beibei District

Beibei District, one of the main urban districts, is located in the northwest of Chongqing. At the foot of the Jinyun Mountain, alongside the Jialing River, it enjoys high forest coverage and rich hot spring resources. Strong cultural, scientific and educational foundation here makes it a key area for high-tech and emerging industries.
Area: 755 km²
Population: 770,000

Jiangbei District

Jiangbei District, one of the main urban districts, is located on the north bank of the Yangtze and Jialing Rivers, with a riverside line of 103km. It is the information, financial, cultural and artistic center of Chongqing. Most foreign consulates are located here. It is an integrated transportation hub, a mature commercial and trade center, and a modern manufacturing base of intensive development in Chongqing.
Area: 221km²
Population: 870,000

Yuzhong District

Yuzhong District,one of the main urban districts, is on the upper reaches of Yangtze River. It is the oldest and most relevant part of this city, where the old Bayu Culture lives on today. Surrounded on three sides by water, Yuzhong is effectively a peninsula. Due to its hilly nature, and the fact that it is the main central business district for Chongqing, Yuzhong contains some of the tallest skyscrapers in China and is the most densely populated district in Chongqing.
Area: 23.24 km²
Population: 659,000

Nan`an District

Nan`an District, one of the main urban districts, is located on the south bank of the Yangtze River. Leaning on the Nanshan Mountain, with an overview of the Yangtze River, it gets breathtaking sceneries. Nanbin Road alongside the Yangtze River offers a variety of leisure activities such as sightseeing, catering and shopping. Chongqing Technological Economic Development Area (south bank), CBD Development Area (south bank) and Chongqing International Convention and Exhibition Center are located in the district.
Area: 265km²
Population: 700,000

Shapingba District

Shapingba District is located in the west of the main urban area of Chongqing. The popular tourist attraction, Ciqikou Ancient Town, is located here. Influenced by Bayu Culture of ancient times, and Shaci and Hongyan Alliance Cultures during World War II, it is the educational, scientific and cultural center of Chongqing, with University Town lying in the west of the district.
Area: 396.2km²
Population: 1,000,000

Jiulongpo District

Jiulongpo District is located in the southwest of the main urban area of Chongqing. It is an important part of the Yuzhong Peninsula surrounded by the Yangtze and Jialing Rivers. Its economy is well developed with vigorous development in commerce and trade, industries as well as logistics.
Area: 432km²
Population: 1,200,000

Dadukou District

Dadukou District, one of the main urban districts, is in the southwest of Chongqing, It lies between the Zhongliang and Tongluo Mountains and is surrounded by the Yangtze and Jialing Rivers. It’s an emerging district where new industries are developing quite fast as well as a pleasant district with a high-quality life.
Area: 103km²
Population: 340,000

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Home / Downtown / Walkers Take Steps to Protect Trekking Turf

Walkers Take Steps to Protect Trekking Turf

life-old-building

In this undated photo, an old building that has been turned into a creative arts center in Yuzhong district in downtown Chongqing lies on a walking trail. (TAN YINGZI / CHINA DAILY)

Eighty-year-old Zhu Xiuying, who has lived in downtown Chongqing since childhood, used to travel everywhere in the hilly city in Southwest China on foot.

Walking was the main way that most residents got around. Since ancient times, numerous walking trails or small roads that wend their way around the mountains have helped to connect communities and people’s lives.

“Sometimes, walking is faster than traveling by car,” Zhu said. “It is also a good way to socialize and exercise.”

But with China’s rapid urbanization and the rising number of vehicles, old neighborhoods are disappearing as large-scale infrastructure development is spreading. Walking space is being lost as Chongqing looks to a future designed to accommodate more cars.

life-park

In this undated photo, a new park open to the public in Chongqing features a 466-meter-long wooden walkway with a 70 m drop. (ZHAO JUNCHAO/FOR CHINA DAILY)

Zhu and her neighbors found that walking in the city had become difficult.

To build a livable and sustainable environment, a pilot program has been launched in downtown areas to improve the walking experience and quality of life.

Traditional System

Surrounded by the Jialing and Yangtze rivers, Chongqing boasts a history of more than 3,000 years. The city first took shape on the hilly Yuzhong Peninsula, which became the center of the local economy.

A survey by the Chongqing Planning Institute shows that walking is the most important and popular way of getting around for people living on the peninsula, with 53 percent of them choosing it as their primary method of transportation.

Yu Jun, deputy chief planner at the institute, said, “Walking in Chongqing is not only a way of transportation but a unique local culture.”

Walking through old neighborhoods and communities that have a rich culture and history is an interesting experience, he said. It is also convenient to use the walking trails, as they offer shortcuts.

“Most important, these streets and alleys become local people’s common life space. They are the root of our city,” Yu said.

He said the streets provide people with a public space to meet and interact.

“Only through such communication can a city become creative and vibrant,” he said, adding, “Just look at the pedestrian network in great cities such as London, Paris and Florence.”

Since 2003, Yu has worked with the local government to identify seven major walking trails across the peninsula and put them on the cultural heritage list.

life-trails-residential-area

In this undated photo, one of the trails passes through an old residential area. (TAN YINGZI / CHINA DAILY)

With much attention paid to greening and sustainable development in recent years, large cities have begun to explore more environmentally friendly means of transportation. In 2011, the Yuzhong Peninsula became a national pilot zone for green transportation and launched efforts to create a better environment for walkers.

International Input

Gehl, an urban research and design consulting company in Copenhagen, the Danish capital, was invited to work with the Chongqing Planning Institute on the project.

Founded in 2000 by architect Jan Gehl and urban designer Helle Soholt, the company specializes in improving the quality of urban life by reorienting city design toward the pedestrian and cyclist.

Jan Gehl, the company’s senior adviser, wrote in the case study Changing Cities in Five Steps: A guide to Achieving Livable and Sustainable Cities: “For decades the human dimension has been an overlooked and haphazardly addressed urban planning topic. A common feature of almost all cities is that the people who use city space in great numbers have been increasingly poorly treated.

“Limited space, obstacles, noise, pollution, risk of accidents and generally disgraceful conditions are typical for those living in most of the world’s cities, regardless of global location, economic viability and stage of development.

life-trails

In this undated photo, trails are fenced in some areas. (TAN YINGZI / CHINA DAILY)

“This turn of events has not only reduced the opportunities for pedestrianism as a form of transport, but also placed the social and cultural functions of city space under siege. Fortunately, several cities realize the value of putting humans first in order to create more lively, safe, sustainable and healthy areas.”

The company launched a Public Space Plan at Jiefangbei in the heart of Chongqing to create an interconnected network of streets with links to newly built subway stations, making it easy and attractive to reach them.

Kristian Skovbakke Villadsen, a partner and director at Gehl, who has worked with a number of Chinese cities, architects and urban planners, said, “The plan categorized the streets in the heart of Chongqing by their qualities as public spaces, and not by how many cars they could accommodate per hour.

“To my knowledge this was one of the first times a Chinese city had actually started to recognize streets’ importance as public spaces-you could say as the physical interface of the city.

“Historically, the street has always had immense importance in Chinese cities, but in recent decades it has been treated only as a space for traffic and not as key area for quality of daily life.”

Villadsen, who spent a considerable period of time in Chongqing for the project, said: “It is a place with a fantastic natural landscape of rivers and mountains, which from a city planning and quality-of-life point of view are great gifts. Of course, the topography can be seen as a challenge, but I would argue that it gives more potential to the city.”

But like other huge cities, Chongqing is facing the problem of being “too large, too mono-functional and too oriented toward the car”, Villadsen said.

“This is a challenge in many places in the world, but maybe in particular in China and therefore unfortunately also in Chongqing. We simply need to start planning for daily quality of life for people to build livable and sustainable cities in the future.”

The Mountain City No 3 Walking Trail, or Route 3, on the Yuzhong Peninsula is an example of the pilot program and has become a new attraction. The project focused on connecting the new subway system with the existing network by linking different streets and plazas.

The 3.9-kilometer trail starts at Zhongxing Road by the Shibanpo Yangtze River Bridge, takes in the ancient city walls and ends at Tongyuan Gate, one of the remaining two gates in the city from the Song Dynasty (960-1279), and the only one still in use.

Yu, who led the pilot project for Route 3, said it is a typical area with local cultural and geographical characteristics.

It has different kinds of streets, and the trail connects parks, plazas, hospitals, museums, schools, residential communities, markets, historical sites, and bus and subway stations.

The project was aimed at upgrading street facilities to improve them for walkers.

Yu said, “For the first time in Chongqing’s city planning, behavioral psychology was used in the research.”

Several Challenges

The research team observed the lifestyles of local residents, recorded their routines and activities and drew up a pattern of their daily journeys.

The project faced several challenges, such as the large number of senior citizens in the area, missing links in the pedestrian network, and streets built solely for vehicles-deterring walking and other activities.

To tackle these problems, identification of walking trails was strengthened by adding a new road lighting system, distinctive road signs and footpaths. More public space was created around schools, clinics and seniors’ houses to encourage people to socialize.

“The most challenging task was addressing how people could cross the road conveniently and safely,” Yu said.

The team found that most people do not like using tunnels and pedestrian overpasses to cross a street.

With support from the local government, facilities around pedestrian crossings were upgraded, and specially colored crossing areas were built along the trail to improve the walking experience.

life-words

In this undated photo, the 3.9-kilometer Route 3 trail boasts local cultural and geographical characteristics. (TAN YINGZI / CHINA DAILY)

The Route 3 project has led to a 12 percent increase in pedestrian flow at one of the new metro stations.

People can now access the trail from several entrances in old alleyways. The route, which overlooks the Yangtze River, boasts several historical sites and passes local residents’ homes. When the weather permits, people play mahjong or poker by the trail, or sit down and chat with their neighbors.

Yu said he enjoyed walking along Route 3. “Many of the main points from our recommendations have been implemented and we have received very positive feedback from the local residents. You could hear and see that it had improved their life quality,” he said.

Zhu, the 80-year-old, is happy with the changes that have been made, and after the upgrading project was completed in her neighborhood, she has ventured out to meet her friends more often.

“Now we often gather in the small parks and I feel we are much closer to each other,” she said.

Source: China Daily

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