After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, especially since the country's reform and opening up in 1978, Chongqing has made considerable progress in a number of areas including agriculture, transportation, foreign trade, environmental protection and research. Check out this special page for more information.


Chongqing’s Economical and Social Development in 70Years
  • In 2018, Chongqing’s regional GDP reached 2.036319 tillion yuan (about 286 billion USD), 1466 times of that in 1949 and with an average annual growth rate of8.3%.
  • In 2018, GDP per capita reached 65,933 yuan (about 9259 USD), 758 times that of 1949, with an average annual growth rate of7.2%.
  • Chongqing now has 39 of the 41 major categories of industries in the country, and the total industrial scale of the city exceeds2 trillion yuan.
  • The sales revenue of intelligent industry increased by 19.2% in 2018. The added value of the digital economy accounted for21.4%of the regional GDP in 2018.
  • Chongqing’s tourism revenue continued to grow by more than30%.
  • Chongqing's forest coverage rate reached48.3%, of which the forest coverage rate on both sides of the Yangtze River exceeded 50%, and the ecological function continued to increase.
  • The amount of good-air-quality days in Chongqing increased to316.
  • As of the end of 2018, 14 counties and districts of 18 poverty-stricken ones had got out of poverty, and a total of1.712million people had been lifted out of poverty, and the incidence of poverty was reduced to0.7%.
Chongqing’s Opening-Up During the Past 70 Years
  • Chongqing has fully integrated the joint construction of the Belt and Road and the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt and accelerated to be an opening-up pioneer in hinterland China.

  • China Railway Express (Chongqing) accumulatively operates more than 4,100 shifts, and overseas collection and distribution points cover more than 30 cities in 11 countries.

  • The New International Land-Sea Trade Corridor formed three transport modes, and the land-sea intermodal transport trains are operated two-way daily and had a total of 1200 shifts.

  • The project of China-Singapore (Chongqing) Demonstration Initiative on Strategic Connectivity has a total of 182 contracted projects with a total amount of 26.46 billion USD.

  • The China (Chongqing) Pilot Free Trade Zone formed 197 institutional innovations, and 12 of them were spread across the country.

  • The actual use of foreign capital remained above 10 billion U.S. dollars for eight consecutive years. In 2018, the import and export of volume reached 522.26 billion yuan.

  • 287 Fortune 500 companies have settled in Chongqing. Smart China Expo and China Western International Investment and Trade Fair have become nationally renowned exhibitions.

  • Chongqing has built 2,371 kilometers of railway, 3,096 kilometers of an expressway, 1,400 kilometers of high-grade shipping, and 156 domestic and 87 international flight paths.

  • The total length of high-speed rail reached 381 kilometers after the completion and operation of Chengdu-Chongqing and Chongqing-Wanzhou high-speed railways.

  • Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport has developed into a comprehensive hub with three runways. It covers an area of over 500,000 square meters of terminal buildings.

  • Chongqing, as a shipping center on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, started to take shape. In 2018, the port cargo throughput exceeded 200 million tons.

  • The urban rail transit has a mileage of 313 kilometers, and the three-dimensional transportation system of a modern metropolis has formed.