The Wulong Karst National Geology Park is located in Xiannüshan (Fairy Mountain) Town in Wulong County of Chongqing and sits on the lower reaches of the Wujiang River in the Southwest Part of Chongqing Municipality. The area was named a World Natura Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2007. The karst area in Wulong features spectacular kart landscapes, including the famous Furong Cave, The Three Natural Bridges, and the Houping Giant Doline, among other scenic spots.
Background & History
The Wulong Karst area is considered somewhat of a natural treasure. It is a cluster of several karst landscapes, including gorges, natural bridges, caves, eroded dolines, shafts, and underground streams, formed in the carbonate rocks since the Pleistocene era. The three karst environments, each formed separately, form an awe-inspiring scenic experience, and Wulong Karst National Geology Park remains one of Chongqing’s all-time favorite tourist destinations.
Together, the Three Natural Stone Bridges form the largest natural bridge cluster in Asia and are among some of the tallest in the world. Similarly, the Houping Giant Doline is the largest sinkhole formed by erosion anywhere in the world and long of the longest underground cavern systems in Asia.
Three Natural Stone Bridges
The Tiansheng San Qiao or the Wulong Three Natural Bridges is perhaps one of the most famous and attractive scenic spots in Wulong. Famous well before the Transformers movies filmed a short sequence here, but this scenic spot has become more famous in recent years as more and more foreigners make their way to this unbelievable sight. Local movies have also been filmed here, such as the Curse of the Golden Flower and the Three Natural Bridges is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Tickets and entrance to the Three Natural Bridges Karst area can be found at the Fairy Mountain Town’s tourism center, with buses taking you further up the mountain to the karst area. Once you arrive at the location, you can also walk on a glass bridge overlooking the area. From the entrance to the area, you can walk a 45-minute path or take the scenic glass-walled elevator.
Tianfu Official Post
At the bottom of the karst area by the three natural bridges, you will find the Tianfu Station or Tianfu Yizhan. A quaint courtyard with blue and gray walls and lanterns. Tianfu Station has become almost synonymous with the Three Natural Bridges and is one of the most photographed locations in the karst area. They were originally built in the Tang Dynasty around 619 AD. It served as a post house for the nearby towns in the mountains. It also functioned as a place where travelers could rest up and sleep overnight.
Nature Reserve of Longshui Gorge
Wulong is also home to the Longshui Gorge, located over the Yangshui River Grand Canyon in Wulong County. Longshui Gorge is notable for the clusters of giant dolines, natural bridges, shafts, and waterfalls. It is also an area that is fairly large but easy and convenient to navigate, making it the biggest national geologic park in Chongqing. Because it resembles a giant gaping hole in the ground, it is also called Difeng (the crevice of the Earth).
You can find more information about the Longshui Gorge.
Fairy Mountain National Forest Park
Wulong Fairy Mountain National Forest Park has peaks reaching up to 2023 meters above sea level. This area escapes Chongqing’s sweltering hot summers and remains a pleasant 24 degrees during the summer on average. The Fairy Mountain National Forest Park features immense grasslands, rare dense forests, and white snowy plateaus during winter. The Fairy mountain is also often known as Switzerland in Chongqing.
You can find more information about Fairy Mountain National Forest Park.